Heinkel He 111 (gallery and videos)

Heinkel He 111 was a German aircraft designed by Siegfried and Walter Günter at Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in 1934. Through development it was described as a “wolf in sheep’s clothing” because the project masqueraded the machine as civilian transport, though from conception the Heinkel was intended to provide the nascent Luftwaffe with a fast medium bomber.

Heinkel He 111 Cutaway drawing showing internal details and gun traverse capabilitiesPerhaps the best-recognized German bomber due to the distinctive, extensively glazed “greenhouse” nose of later versions, the Heinkel He 111 was the most numerous Luftwaffe bomber during the early stages of World War II. The bomber fared well until the Battle of Britain, when its weak defensive armament was exposed. Nevertheless, it proved capable of sustaining heavy damage and remaining airborne. As the war progressed, the He 111 was used in a variety of roles on every front in the European theatre. It was used as a strategic bomber during the Battle of Britain, a torpedo bomber in the Atlantic and Arctic, and a medium bomber and a transport aircraft on the Western, Eastern, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and North African Front theaters.

The Heinkel He 111 was constantly upgraded and modified, but became obsolete during the latter part of the war. The German Bomber B project was not realized, which forced the Luftwaffe to continue operating the He 111 in combat roles until the end of the war. Manufacture of the He 111 ceased in September 1944, at which point piston-engine bomber production was largely halted in favor of fighter aircraft. With the German bomber force virtually defunct, the He 111 was used for logistics.

Role Medium bomber
Manufacturer Heinkel Flugzeugwerke
Designer Siegfried and Walter Günter
First flight 24 February 1935
Introduction 1935
Retired 1945 (Luftwaffe)
1958 (Spain)
Primary user Luftwaffe
Produced 1935–44
Number built 32 prototype aircraft
12 civilian airliners
808 pre war aircraft
5,656 aircraft (1939–44)
Total: 6,508.
Variants CASA 2.111

Production of the Heinkel continued after the war as the Spanish-built CASA 2.111. Spain received a batch of Heinkel He 111H-16s in 1943 along with an agreement to licence-build Spanish versions. Its airframe was produced in Spain under licence by Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA. The design differed significantly in powerplant only, eventually being equipped with Rolls-Royce Merlin engines. The Heinkel’s descendant continued in service until 1973.




Source:

Wikipedia

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